Many have written a message about what happened among us.
The ones who passed it on to us were eyewitnesses of it and servants of the word since the beginning.
I have followed all these matters carefully from their sources. I thought it was good to record it in order for you, your Excellency Theophilus.
Luke spent a period of time in Palestine (Injil, Acts 21:8-27:1). It seems he spent much of the time researching with eyewitnesses who had seen Isa.
Some people think this is a title, meaning "person who loves Allah", rather than a name. He may have been the lawyer for Paul (see also the Injil, Acts 1:1)
Then your knowledge about what you have learned can be certain.
Zakariyya lived in the reign of Herod the Great, king of Yahudia. Zakariyya was a habr from the group of Abijah, a descendant of Harun. His wife Elizabeth was also descended from Harun.
This was the father of Yahya.
His kingdom also included parts of what is now Lebanon and Syria.
See the Tawrat, 1 Chronicles 24:10.
They were both righteous. They put into practice everything Rabb Al-Alamin had revealed in the kitab without exception. Allah had rida in them.
However, Elizabeth was barren and they had not been given a son. And they were both old.
The turn of the group of Zakariyya to serve in the house of Allah came. While he was serving,
they chose him to enter the holy haram of Rabb Al-Alamin, burn incense, and intercede. They chose him by casting lots, which was their custom.
This was a great honor to intercede with Allah to forgive the people, and was given a maximum of once in a lifetime.
The crowd of the people was in the courtyard of the haram doing salat at the time to burn incense.
An angel from Rabb Al-Alamin appeared to him. He was standing on the right side of the incense burner.
Zakariyya was disturbed by the vision, and fear overpowered him.
But the angel called to him: "Zakariyya, do not fear. Allah has heard your dua'. Your wife Elizabeth will give birth to a son. Name him Yahya.
He will make you joyful and glad, and many will rejoice at his birth.
He will have a high position with Rabb Al-Alamin, and he will never drink wine or an intoxicating drink. He will be filled with Holy Ruh Allah, even when he is in the womb of his mother.
He will guide many of Bani Israil to Allah their Mawla.
He will walk before Al-Masih like Ilyas in Ruh and power, to turn the hearts of the fathers back to their children, to turn sinners back to the wisdom of the righteous, and to prepare a repentant people for their Mawla."
This is a reference to the Tawrat, Malachi 4:5-6.
Zakariyya asked the angel: "How can I be sure of your word? My wife and I are old."
This shows his doubt and lack of faith.
The angel answered him, "I am Jibril, and I am brought near to Allah. I am the rasul of your Rabb to bring you this good news.
I will give you an ayah. You will be silent from now until the promise of Allah is fulfilled in its time. This is because you doubted my true word."
The people were waiting for Zakariyya, and were amazed at his delay in the haram.
When he came out, he was not able to speak. He gestured to them, they understood that he had seen a vision in the haram, and he remained dumb.
When the days of his group in service in the house of Allah finished, Zakariyya returned home.
Each group served for 14 days total.
After some days, his wife Elizabeth became pregnant. She isolated herself in their house for five months. She said,
"Rabb Al-Alamin has blessed me in these days. By his compassion on me, he has removed my shame among people."
It was a great honor to have children and a great shame not to have children.
When she reached her sixth month of pregnancy, Allah sent the angel Jibril to the town of Al-Nasira in the province of Al-Jalil.
Allah sent him to a virgin named Mariam, whose fiancé Yusif had betrothed her. He was one of the descendants of Dawood.
Al-Yahud had a betrothal that was much more legally binding than an engagement. At betrothal, a couple was legally husband and wife, but they had not consummated the marriage. This is the stage of Mariam and Yusif at this point.
The angel entered and said to her, "Assalamu Alaykum. May the rida of Allah be with you. Rabb Al-Alamin is with you."
She was disturbed by his word and wondered what this greeting meant.
The angel said to her, "Mariam, do not be afraid. Allah has rida in you.
I will give you an ayah: you will become pregnant and give birth to a son. You will call him Isa.
He will be highly honored and will be called the beloved Amir of Allah, and Allah Al-Mawla will give him the throne of his father Dawood.
Here and in verse 35, see the discussion about Beloved Amir in the glossary.
The word father is not literal. Here it means ancestor. Mariam was descended from Dawood.
He will reign as king forever over the family of Yacoub, and his kingdom will not end.
Mariam asked the angel, "How can this be, since no man has had sex with me?"
Mariam did not doubt the words, but she asked how it could happen.
The angel answered her, "Holy Ruh Allah will descend on you. The power of Al-Aly will cover you. Therefore your holy, sinless son will be called the beloved Amir of Allah.
The Most High, one of the 99 names of Allah.
Your relative Elizabeth is also pregnant with a son, despite her age. She was called barren, but this is the sixth month of her pregnancy.
If Elizabeth was a blood relative, this means that Mariam was also descended from Harun. Some of her ancestors would have been descended from Harun and others from Dawood (see last note on Luke 3:23).
Allah can do anything."
Mariam said, "I am a servant of Rabb Al-Alamin. Let what you said happen to me." Then the angel left.
Mariam got up in those days and went quickly to a town in the mountains of Yahudia.
She entered the house of Zakariyya and greeted Elizabeth.
When Elizabeth heard the greeting of Mariam, the baby in her womb jumped. Holy Ruh Allah came down on her and filled her.
She shouted, "You have more baraka than any other woman in the universe. The fruit in your womb also has baraka.
Has Allah really honored me so much that the mother of my mawla visited me?
The baby in my womb jumped for joy as soon as your greeting came to my ear!
You have baraka because you trusted in the fulfillment of the true promise of your Rabb."
Mariam said, "I praise Rabb Al-Alamin with my whole heart.
My Ruh rejoices in Allah my Naasir.
Victor, considered by some to be one of the 99 names of Allah.
Al-Baseer has rida in his humble servant. From now on, people in all generations will say I have baraka.
The All-Seeing, one of the 99 names of Allah.
Al-Qadir Al-Azim has brought me his greatest ayat. His name is Quddus.
Powerful and Great, the latter of which is one of the 99 names of Allah.
Holy, one of the 99 names of Allah.
His mercy is for those who fear him from generation to generation.
His hand is glorious in strength. He scattered those with proud thoughts in their hearts.
This does not mean that Allah has a body. It refers to the power of Allah.
He lowered the kings from their thrones, and raised the humble.
This is a reference to the Tawrat, 1 Samuel 2:6-7.
He fed the hungry with his good food. He sent away the rich empty-handed.
He aided Bani Israil his slaves in faithfulness to his mercy.
This is what he promised forever to our fathers, Ibrahim and his family.\"
The word fathers is not literal. Here it means ancestors.
Mariam remained with Elizabeth about three months, and then returned to her house.
Elizabeth went into labor and she gave birth to her son.
Her neighbors and relatives heard that Rabb Al-Alamin had shown much mercy to her, and they rejoiced together.
On the eighth day, they came to circumcise the boy. They wanted to call him the name of his father Zakariyya.
Circumcision was commanded to be done on the eighth day after birth (see the Tawrat, Genesis 17:12), and it became custom to give the baby a name on that day.
But his mother objected. She said, "No. He must be named Yahya."
They answered her, "But none of you has this name."
Apparently people usually named their children after a relative.
They gestured to the father of the boy to know what he wanted the boy to be named.
He asked for a writing board and wrote, "His name is Yahya." Everyone was amazed.
Immediately his mouth and tongue were loosened, and he praised Allah greatly.
All the neighbors were astounded at what happened. The people talked about these matters in all Yahudia.
Everyone who heard about it meditated in his heart. They asked, "What will the destiny of this boy be?" He is definitely aided by Rabb Al-Alamin.
Then Holy Ruh Allah came down on his father Zakariyya and filled him. He prophesied,
"Allah, the Rabb of Bani Israil, is blessed because he aided his people and ransomed them.
He raised up a mighty victor for us from the family of his slave Dawood.
He said this through the mouth of his holy anbiya from ancient times.
He did it to save us from our enemies, and from the hands of those who hate us.
This shows mercy to our forefathers to fulfill his holy covenant.
He fulfilled his oath to our father Ibrahim.
The word father is not literal. Here it means ancestor.
He rescued us from the hand of our enemies. Then we can worship him without fear,
with reverence and righteousness before him all our days.
You, my son, will be called the nabi of Al-Aly. You will walk before our mawla to prepare his ways.
The Most High, one of the 99 names of Allah.
He gives his umma knowledge of saving mercy through forgiveness of their sins.
Our Rabb is Al-Raouf Al-Rahim. He will send Al-Masih to us from above like the rising sun.
Compassionate and Merciful, two of the 99 names of Allah.
He will give light to those sitting in the darkness and the shadows of death. He will guide our steps in the sirat of peace.
The boy Yahya grew and became strong in Ruh. He lived in the wilderness until the time to give his message to Bani Israil.